Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to emerge in the mouth, typically appearing in the late teenage years or early twenties. These teeth can cause problems if they do not have enough room to emerge or become impacted, meaning they are stuck and unable to break through the gums. If wisdom teeth are not removed, they can lead to a number of complications, including:
- Pain: Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain and discomfort, particularly if infected.
- Crowding: If wisdom teeth are not removed, they can crowd the other teeth and cause misalignment. This can lead to problems with biting and chewing and an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease.
- Infection: Impacted wisdom teeth are more prone to illness because they are difficult to clean correctly, and infection can spread to the surrounding tissue and cause serious problems.
- Cysts: Cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, can form around impacted wisdom teeth, damaging the surrounding teeth and jawbone.
- Tumors: In rare cases, tumors can develop around impacted wisdom teeth. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
What Are Impacted Wisdom Teeth?
Impacted wisdom teeth are of particular concern. Impacted teeth ooccur when there is not enough room in the mouth for them to emerge and they become stuck, or impacted, in the gums or jawbone. This can cause pain, infection, and other oral health issues.
There are several factors that can contribute to impacted wisdom teeth, including a small jaw size, misaligned teeth, and genetics. Some people are more prone to impacted wisdom teeth due to their family history and inherited dental structure.
Symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth may include pain in the back of the mouth or jaw, swelling of the gums, difficulty opening the mouth, and bad breath. These symptoms can be caused by the pressure of the tooth trying to emerge, as well as by infection or the formation of a cyst around the tooth.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist or oral surgeon for an evaluation. They will be able to determine if your wisdom teeth are impacted and recommend the best course of treatment.
So What Should I Do About My Wisdom teeth?
Treatment options for impacted wisdom teeth vary depending on the severity of the impact and the individual’s overall oral health. In some cases, the teeth may be able to be pulled or removed through a simple extraction. However, if the tooth is severely impacted or infected, more complex surgical procedures may be necessary.
If you are experiencing problems with your wisdom teeth or have been advised to remove them, discussing your options with a dental or oral surgeon is essential. They can recommend the best course of treatment for your situation.